Recherche de la performance en simulation thermique dynamique : application à la réhabilitation des bâtiments

Abstract : The building sector is evolving and has to meet the current environmental issues in both new construction and rehabilitation. The thermal simulation provides the mean to address this problem, but the estimated performance is limited to a specific set of parameters that have been defined. This thesis proposes a methodology based on the increased computing power to assess the building behaviour on different ranges of the inputs variation. Depending on the properties allocated to them, the changes of the variations will allow to seek solutions to restore or to assess the uncertainty in the outputs of the thermal model. To achieve this, effective sensitivity analysis methods are used across an analysis tool specifically developed for the simulation software EnergyPlus. This tool allows an almost automatic evaluation of the energy model building thanks to the proven sampling techniques such as LHS and LP-Tau; the efficient analysis techniques like RBD-FAST and RBD-SOBOL in order to reduce the number of simulations; an advanced management of the inputs and the outputs for a detailed assessment of the building regardless of its geometry. The sensitivity analysis techniques are used to provide an accurate picture of these key relationships within the model. To meet the constraints of the computational cost, the search for a solution is achieved through a metamodel from a Polynomial Chaos Expansion PCE. A GUI uses the approximation of the complex model of the building to provide instantly a clear vision of the behaviour of each entry on the outputs, their trends and their ideal ranges of variation to choose solutions. It is possible to couple the search for a solution to the uncertainty analysis to provide robust solutions and identify the main reason for the gap between simulation and reality. The methodology of the PhD work promotes the optimization of the model understanding more than looking for a specific solution. The purpose of the approach is to provide analytical tools to assist the expert in the search for a solution and so, develop graphical representations that facilitate the understanding of the building system for a gain in transparency and integration of many design constraints.
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Mickael Rabouille. Recherche de la performance en simulation thermique dynamique : application à la réhabilitation des bâtiments. Génie civil. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENA024⟩. ⟨tel-01142344⟩

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