Multiphysics modeling of sodium nickel chloride cells

Abstract : The growing production capacity of wind turbines or photo-voltaic plants has revealed an acute need for electric energy storage systems. Electrochemical accumulator technologies are able to address this issue, in particular sodium nickel chloride batteries, a high temperature battery system. But to enhance the energy management of these batteries, it is necessary to have a deep knowledge of the electro-thermal behavior of its unit cell component. This thesis presents the development of a comprehensive multiphysics 2D model of a commercial Na-MCl2 cell, able to simulate its operation in constant current discharge. This model was built on a thorough study of electrochemical mechanisms at work with this type of technology, and its associated thermal effects. It is also based on the synthesis of existing models, and their critique. The new model proposed in this manuscript can take into account two simultaneous electrochemical reactions, as well as the thermal behavior of the cell. The model was validated by comparison between simulation results and the actual electrical performances of a commercial Na-MCl2 cell (including the characterization of electrochemical phenomena by cyclic voltammetry). This model successfully simulates constant current discharges at different rates, and from different temperatures. It is also capable of predicting the electro-thermal effects consecutive to design changes of the cell (structural and relevant to the active material).
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Rémy Christin. Multiphysics modeling of sodium nickel chloride cells. Other. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAI089⟩. ⟨tel-01916189⟩

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